Skip to main content
Navigation

Araw ng Paggawâ—1 Mayo 2024

Ngayong Araw ng Paggawâ, binibigyang pugay ng UPD-OICA ang manggagawang Pilipino at nakikiisa sa panawagan para sa mas makatarungang kita at maayos at makataong kalagayan sa trabaho.

Mabuhay ang mga manggagawang Pilipino!

Eid al-Fitr Mubarak!—April 10, 2024

Eid al-Fitr Mubarak! May the celebration of Eid be shrouded with the warmth of love, gratitude, and bliss!

According to Islamic tradition, Eid al-Fitr was established by the Prophet Muhammad after he departed from Mecca to Medina. It celebrates the spiritual growth and self-discipline achieved during Ramadan. Muslims gather for special prayers in mosques, give charity to those in need (known as Zakat al-Fitr), and engage in festive meals and social gatherings with family and friends.

In the Philippines, Islam was first introduced in the 14th century in Tawi-Tawi by the Arab missionary Sheikh Karimul Makhdum, who also built the first mosque in the country.


References:
[1] MyMindanao.com
[2] Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines
[3] Arab News
[4] Edarabia

Araw ng Kagitingan—April 9, 2024

Today in History—Araw ng Kagitingan

Today, let us remember and honor the bravery and heroism of the veterans who fought valiantly for our freedom and sovereignty. May their sacrifice inspire us to stand our ground and remain steadfast against all attempts to undermine our autonomy and democracy.


References:
[1] Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines

[2] The National WWII Museum

[3] Philippine Scouts Heritage Society

[4] Pacific War Online Encyclopedia

Photos:
Maningsambale, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Judgefloro, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Photo: National Historical Commission of the Philippines; perspective correction: Eugene Alvin Villar (seav), Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

International Women’s Day—March 8, 2024

Happy International Women’s Day!

Today and every day, OICA proudly honors the impactful work of women around the world and the institutions that support them. These include the PCW, UPCWGS, UPDGO, and OASH, which all persist with a purpose – addressing ongoing challenges and promoting gender equality. Let’s recognize the significance of their existence and unite for a more inclusive and equal world.

Together, let us inspire inclusion!

Posters and Content by Jolien Monteyne

Remembering The 1986 Snap Election

On 4 November 1985, President Ferdinand Marcos announced in an interview on the ABC program “This Week with David Brinkley” that he was ready to call a snap election in the Philippines. This pronouncement followed mounting international pressure and criticism of his government policies. On 3 December 1985, Batas Pambansa Blg. 883, an act calling for a special election for President and Vice President to be held on 7 February 1986, was approved.


To prevent electoral fraud and to ‘preserve the sanctity of the ballot’, the National Citizens’ Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) mobilized over 500,000 volunteers to serve as poll watchers for the snap elections. The International Observer Delegation also arrived in the Philippines to monitor the election.

Snap Elections were held on February 7, 1986. Two days later, NAMFREL’s unofficial count revealed Corazon Aquino to be winning, but the “official” tally showed Ferdinand Marcos in the lead. In protest of the alleged blatant manipulation of election results – a wide discrepancy that was clearly seen between the election count and tally board – 35 COMELEC employees walked out.

By virtue of Resolution No. 38, signed on February 15, 1986, Ferdinand Marcos and Arturo Tolentino were proclaimed by the Batasang Pambansa as winners of the snap elections. This announcement was met with public outrage. Fifty opposition members of parliament walked out in protest. The next day, Corazon Aquino and Salvador Laurel held a “Tagumpay ng Bayan” (People’s Victory) rally at the Quirino Grandstand in Luneta Park, Manila. Aquino called for a civil disobedience campaign through strikes and the boycott of companies owned by Marcos cronies. Among these were the major newspaper companies, San Miguel Corporation, and several banks, including the Philippine National Bank. In less than a week, a total of Php1.78 billion had been withdrawn from crony banks. People all around the country had heeded Aquino’s call.

On February 19, 1986, the US Senate declared that the snap elections was rigged by the ruling party. The international delegation also reported anomalies they observed during the election day such as, disenfranchisement, vote buying, intimidation, and exclusion of NAMFREL from polling sites. On February 22, after a failed coup attempt by the Reform the Armed Movement (RAM), then Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile, along with Lieutenant General Fidel V. Ramos, announced his defection from the Marcos Administration and recognized Cory as the duly elected President of the Philippines.

Consequently, Cardinal Sin went on air in Radio Veritas, the Catholic radio station that had become a reliable source of news at this time, and asked the people to peacefully show their support for Enrile and Ramos.

From February 22 to 25, hundreds of thousands of Filipinos amassed at the Epifanio delos Santos Avenue (EDSA), calling for a peaceful ouster of Ferdinand Marcos.

In a last attempt to hold into power, Marcos insisted on pushing through with his inauguration. Cory, too, would hold her own inaugural ceremony. Thus, on February 25, the Philippines had two presidents. Corazon Aquino took her oath in Club Filipino in San Juan while Ferdinand Marcos followed an hour later in Malacañang Palace.

Because of the overwhelming support for Aquino and the key military and political defections, Marcos faced defeat and was forced together with his family to depart for Hawaii in exile.

Aquino and Laurel then assumed office and slowly began the restoration of democracy.


References:

  • “Interview with President Marcos and Senator Laxalt.” Radio TV Reports, Inc. LINK
  • “Batas Pambansa Blg. 883.” The LAWPHiL Project. Arellano Law Foundation. LINK
  • “The Fall of the Dictatorship.” The Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. LINK
  • “Namfrel History.” National Citizens’ Movement For Free Elections. LINK
  • “A Path to Democratic Renewal.” International Observer Delegation. LINK
  • “Resolution No. 38.” The Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. LINK.
  • Stuart-Santiago, Angela. “Before EDSA – Marcos Times, 1965-1986.” Chronology of a Revolution. EDSA Revolution. LINK.
  • “Proclamation No. 1, s. 1986.” The Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. LINK.

Photo credits:

  • Wikimedia Commons
  • NAMFREL (namfrel.org)
  • The LAWPHiL Project, Arellano Law Foundation (lawphil.net)
  • Bantayog ng mga Bayani (https://bantayogngmgabayani.org/comelec-walkout-of-1986/)
  • International Observer Delegation (usaid.gov)
  • Alain Coudert, from the book “People Power, An Eyewitness History: The Philippine Revolution of 1986” (1986) by Monina Allarey Mercado
  • Joey De Vera, from the book “People Power, An Eyewitness History: The Philippine Revolution of 1986” (1986) by Monina Allarey Mercado
  • Sonny Camarillo and Linglong Ortiz, from the book “People Power, An Eyewitness History: The Philippine Revolution of 1986” (1986) by Monina Allarey Mercado
  • Romeo Vitug, from the book “People Power, An Eyewitness History: The Philippine Revolution of 1986” (1986) by Monina Allarey Mercado